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HR and Workplace Safety (OSHA Compliance): Federal

HR and Workplace Safety (OSHA Compliance) requirements by state

Author: Mark Moran


  • The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSH Act) requires an employer to provide its employees with working conditions that are free from any safety or health hazards that could cause death or serious injury. See Overview.
  • The OSH Act is administered by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). See Overview.
  • An employer has certain responsibilities under the OSH Act. See Employer Responsibilities.
  • The General Duty Clause states that each employer must create a workplace that is free from all recognized hazards for all employees. See General Duty Clause.
  • The OSH Act requires that an employer must keep and maintain certain basic records necessary or appropriate for the enforcement of the Act. See Recordkeeping Requirements.
  • An employer must comply with several posting requirements. See Posting Requirements.
  • When a work-related incident causes an injury or death, an employer must comply with OSHA's reporting procedures. See Reporting Requirements.
  • Every establishment covered by the OSH Act is subject to inspection by OSHA compliance safety and health officers (CSHOs). See OSHA Inspections.
  • Private-sector employees who exercise their rights under the OSH Act have the right to be protected from employer reprisal. See Whistleblower and Retaliation Protections.
  • An employer should establish safety programs and training to prepare for and/or prevent workplace accidents. See Safety Management.
  • An employer should implement safe driving practices and policies for employees who drive for company business. See Work-Related Driving Policies.