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Child Labor: Ohio

Child Labor requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Allen S. Kinzer, Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP


  • Ohio imposes additional requirements and restrictions on child labor beyond the federal law regarding employment of minors.
  • Minors are prohibited from engaging in certain occupations that have been identified as hazardous or detrimental to their well-being. See Prohibited Occupations.
  • Ohio also provides for specific requirements for minors related to hours of work, break periods and wage agreements. See Hours of Work, Break Periods and Wage Agreements.
  • A minor must obtain a work permit before being employed, unless that minor qualifies for an exemption. See Employment Certificates.
  • Certain minors are exempt from Ohio's child labor requirements. See Exemptions.