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Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking: Federal

Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking requirements by state

Author: Brightmine Editorial Team


  • Taking steps to eliminate drug and alcohol use in the workplace will help employers to provide a safe and healthy workplace for all. See Drugs and Alcohol.
  • Employers may implement policies that prohibit the use, sale, possession, distribution, purchase and cultivation of drugs and alcohol in the workplace. See Drug and Alcohol Policies.
  • A number of states allow the use of marijuana for medical and/or recreational purposes. See Marijuana.
  • Employers may conduct drug and alcohol testing of their employees as long as they comply with state laws that may restrict or limit the conditions under which testing is permitted. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
  • It is important to be able to recognize the signs and symptoms of possible drug and alcohol use by employees. See Drug and Alcohol Abuse.
  • Many states and municipalities prohibit smoking, including e-cigarette use, in places of employment and others restrict smoking to certain areas in certain types of workplaces. See Smoking.
  • Several states prohibit employers from discriminating or retaliating against employees who smoke during nonwork hours. See Off-Duty Conduct.
  • State law usually requires "No Smoking" signs to be posted in the workplace. See Postings.
  • Implementing a smoking policy will help an employer communicate its position on the issue to employees. See Smoking Policies.