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Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking: Virginia

Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Brightmine Editorial Team


  • Virginia employers may implement drug-free workplace policies. See Drugs and Alcohol.
  • Virginia permits limited medical use of cannabis oil. See Marijuana.
  • Employers may implement and enforce policies that prohibit the use, sale, possession, distribution, purchase and cultivation of drugs and alcohol in the workplace. See Drug and Alcohol Policies.
  • Employers in Virginia are not prohibited from drug and alcohol testing of employees and job applicants. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
  • The Virginia Indoor Clean Air Act does not broadly apply to all workplaces. See Smoking.
  • "No Smoking" signs must be posted by restaurants and limited other establishments. See Postings.
  • Employers are not required to have a smoking policy, but may implement one that prohibits smoking in the workplace. See Smoking Policies.