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Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking: Maryland

Drugs, Alcohol and Smoking requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: XpertHR Editorial Team


  • Maryland employers may implement drug-free workplace policies. See Drugs and Alcohol.
  • Maryland permits the use of medical marijuana by qualified registered patients with a debilitating medical condition. See Medical Marijuana.
  • Maryland permits the use of recreational marijuana by adults 21 years of age or older. See Recreational Marijuana.
  • Employers may implement and enforce policies that prohibit the use, sale, possession, distribution, purchase and cultivation of drugs and alcohol in the workplace. See Drug and Alcohol Policies.
  • An employer that chooses to implement a workplace testing program must follow the provisions of the state's job-related alcohol and drug testing law. See Drug and Alcohol Testing.
  • The Maryland Clean Indoor Air Act prohibits smoking in an indoor place of employment. See Smoking.
  • An employer post at each entrance a sign stating that smoking is not permitted. See Postings.
  • Employers are not required to have a smoking policy. See Smoking Policies.
  • Localities including Baltimore, Howard County and Montgomery County have requirements pertaining to smoking in the workplace. See Local Requirements.