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Employee Discipline: Ohio

Employee Discipline requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Andrew M. Szilagyi, Frantz Ward LLP


  • Ohio is an employment-at-will state, with certain exceptions. See Employment at Will.
  • Ohio's employment discrimination laws track the protections afforded by federal employment discrimination laws. See Discrimination Laws.
  • In Ohio, whistleblowers are protected against retaliation in the workplace only when certain conditions are satisfied. See Whistleblower Protections.
  • Ohio imposes specific restrictions on making employment-related decisions based upon an individual's illegal use of a controlled substance. See Controlled Substance Abuse.
  • Ohio has enacted a medical marijuana law. See Medical Marijuana.
  • Ohio does not generally prohibit an employer from making employment-related decisions based upon an employee's criminal history. See Criminal History.
  • Ohio generally prohibits the interception of wire, oral or electronic communications, except under limited circumstances. See Workplace Surveillance.
  • Ohio does not generally restrict employment-related decisions based upon an employee's off-duty conduct, so long as the conduct is not protected under state or federal law. See Off-Duty Conduct.
  • Akron and Columbus have requirements pertaining to employee discipline. See Local Requirements.