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Workers' Compensation: Virginia

Workers' Compensation requirements for other states

Federal law and guidance on this subject should be reviewed together with this section.

Author: Daniel O'Brien, Fisher Phillips.


  • All Virginia employers that are covered by Virginia's workers' compensation regulations are required to post a specific notice in the workplace. See Notice Requirements.
  • Most Virginia employers are required to provide workers' compensation insurance, depending on the number of individuals they employ. See Covered Employers.
  • Most workers are covered by workers' compensation insurance, with some unique exceptions. See Covered Employees.
  • On-the-job injuries and certain types of diseases that arise in the course of employment are covered by workers' compensation. See Compensable Injuries.
  • Employers may not be liable for certain types of claims, depending on the facts and circumstances. See Employer Defenses to Workers' Compensation Claims.
  • Workers' compensation pays for medical expenses of employees injured on the job. See Medical Benefits.
  • Workers' compensation provides replacement wages according to a schedule based on average weekly wage. See Other Benefits.
  • Individuals who are injured on the job must file a claim within two years of the accident. See Claims Procedures.
  • Employers cannot retaliate in any way against an employee who files a claim. See Retaliation and Interference.
  • Disputed claims are adjudicated through an appeals procedure. See Administrative Hearings and Court Proceedings.